Value of a Certification – ISO 27000 Series
1. Value of a Certification.
Obtaining a management system certification, whether in quality, environmental, information security, or any other field, holds significant market recognition. By securing such certification, an organization signals to the market that its operations comply with specific standards. However, this raises the question, what underpinnings make the market trust these certifications? What is the foundation of the market’s confidence in these certificates?
This approach does not seek to clarify the direct benefit of certification for the receiving entity but rather to delve into the pillars that support the value, esteem, and recognition that comes with achieving an official certification of an Information Security Management System (ISMS). Therefore, confidence in the certification of a management system, such as an ISMS, is based on several key factors that underpin its value, prestige, and recognition in the market. These foundations include:
- Standardization: ISO standards, such as the ISO/IEC 27000 series, provide a set of internationally recognized requirements, guidelines, and best practices. These standards are developed by subject matter experts and stakeholders from around the world, ensuring that multiple perspectives are considered and that the solutions are globally applicable.
- Rigorous Certification Process: Obtaining an ISO certification requires the organization to undergo a thorough audit process conducted by an independent and accredited certification body. This process ensures that the organization meets all the established requirements and guidelines of the standard, which builds trust in the quality and consistency of its management processes and systems.
- Accreditation of Certification Bodies: Certification bodies issuing ISO certifications must be accredited by recognized accreditation entities that verify their competence and ability to conduct audits and issue certifications in accordance with ISO standards and regulatory requirements. This accreditation ensures that the certification process is reliable and that industry best practices are followed.
- Continuous Evaluation and Improvement: ISO certification is not a one-time event. Certified organizations must undergo regular audits and recertifications to ensure that they continue to meet the standard’s requirements and are committed to the continuous improvement of their management systems. This instills confidence that the organization is committed to excellence and quality over time.
- Transparency and Traceability: ISO certification provides a transparent and traceable framework that allows organizations to demonstrate to their customers, suppliers, and other stakeholders that they comply with a recognized set of requirements and best practices in their industry. This can be especially important in highly regulated or sensitive sectors, such as those involving web-based banking and financial applications and cryptographic technologies, where security and data protection are paramount.
In conclusion, confidence in ISO certification is based on standardization, the rigorous certification process, the accreditation of certification bodies, continuous evaluation and improvement, and the transparency and traceability it offers. These factors contribute to the value, prestige, and recognition of obtaining an official certification of an ISMS or another management system in the market.
2. ISO 27000 standards family and works.
At this point, it is proposed to conduct a detailed study of the standards included in the ISO 27000 series that, by January 2023, had already been officially approved by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO). This analysis will focus on identifying and describing the various standards that were in force and fully applicable at that date. Each of these standards addresses different aspects related to information security, and part of the research will involve explaining the specific topic each one covers.
Furthermore, it is crucial to determine which of these standards offer the possibility of obtaining certification. This means that some standards not only set guidelines or best practices but also allow organizations to demonstrate through external certification that they comply with the established standards.
Below is a table with the ISO 27000 series standards that are in the “approved” status by ISO. This information was obtained using the following link from the official ISO website. The standards created by Subcommittee 27 of Technical Committee 1 (ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 27) were consulted.
|Information Security Management System (ISMS) fundamentals and vocabulary.
|Requirements for ISMS.
|Code of practice for information security management.
|Guidance for ISMS implementation.
|Measurement, monitoring, and analysis of ISMS performance.
|Information security risk management.
|Requirements for bodies providing audit and certification of ISMS.
|Guidelines for information security management systems auditing.
|Guidelines for the assessment of information security controls.
|Sector-specific or specific application of ISO/IEC 27001.
|Information exchange and communication between organizations concerning information security.
|Information security guidelines for telecommunications organizations.
|Guidance on the integration of ISO/IEC 27001 and ISO/IEC 20000-1.
|Governance of information security.
|Organizational principles and guidelines for information security economic management.
|Guidelines for information security in cloud services.
|Code of practice for the protection of personally identifiable information (PII) in public clouds.
|Information security guidelines for the energy industry.
|Competencies for information security professionals.
|Guidelines for implementing an integrated approach to information security risk management.
|Guidelines for information and communication technology (ICT) readiness for business continuity.
|Guide for cybersecurity.
|Network security guidance (multi-part series).
|Guidelines for application security (multi-part series).
|Information security incident management (multi-part series).
|Information security guidelines for inter-organizational relationships (multi-part series).
|Guidelines for the identification, collection, acquisition, and preservation of digital evidence.
|Specification for digital media information security management.
|Intrusion detection and prevention systems (IDPS).
|Information storage security guidance.
|Guidance on the assessment of forensic analysis methods and tools.
|Guidelines for the interpretation and analysis of digital evidence.
|Principles and methods for information security incident investigation.
|Information technology – Security techniques – Cybersecurity and electronic discovery.
|Information technology – Security techniques – Requirements for establishing virtualized roots of trust.
|Information technology – Public key infrastructure – Policy and practice framework.
|Information technology – Cybersecurity – Overview and concepts.
|Information security management – Guidelines for cyber insurance.
|Information technology – Security techniques – Cybersecurity and ISO and IEC standards.
|Information technology, cybersecurity, and privacy protection – Guidelines for the development of a cybersecurity framework.
|Cybersecurity – IoT security and privacy – Guidelines.
|Information technology – Security techniques – Privacy engineering for system life cycle processes.
|Information security, cybersecurity, and privacy protection – Requirements for non-linkable attribute-based entity authentication.
|Information security, cybersecurity, and privacy protection – Security and privacy requirements for biometric authentication on mobile devices.
|Information security, cybersecurity, and privacy protection – Guidelines on the de-identification of personally identifiable information.
|Information security, cybersecurity, and privacy protection – User-centric privacy preference management framework.
|Information security, cybersecurity, and privacy protection – Application of ISO 31000:2018 for organizational privacy risk management.
|Information security, cybersecurity, and privacy protection – Data de-identification framework to enhance privacy.
|Privacy protection – Privacy guidelines for smart cities.
|Information technology – Security techniques – Extension for privacy information management to ISO/IEC 27001 and ISO/IEC 27002.
From all the above, it is concluded that certification plays a crucial role in the successful development of a business. Similarly, it emphasizes the need to adhere to internationally recognized standards to bolster trust among clients and business partners, thereby ensuring the integrity and security of business operations.
To undertake the appropriate certification processes, it is essential to conduct thorough prior audit planning, as demonstrated in our article “Principles, Program, and Planning of Auditing and IT Governance.“